Land art, environmental art, art in nature, but also garden designing and living art, are some of the names that distinguish the various facets of the relationship artist / nature. We’re not talking about five century old gardens or Italian style parks with their winding paths, the bold shapes, pitches and items carved in stone, but we refer to interventions that artists, architects and engineers have made at the environment and at the landscape in World War II.
The greatest exponent of this trend is definitely Robert Smithson that rises to the headlines thanks to the famous spiral of stones of the Great Salt Lake of Utah. The works of environmental art by their monumentality they untie from the virtuous circle of market and art galleries, to lead the viewer into the physical location where you placed the art installation. This trend allows you to use the land as an artistic medium and identifying remote and unexplored areas to display to the public.
From now born the proliferation of art parks. The idea of environmental art is developed since the seventies in the Fattoria di Celle (Prato) by the Gori family, who began to invite artists to create their works placing “ethically” in relation to the seventeenth-century villa that it will host them. The count Panza di Biumo is another proponent of environmental art, especially in comparison to the work made by the American artist James Turrell. The works of this artist allow the visitors to capture and to interact perceptually with sunlight, moonlight and starlight.
The Land Art is an artistic expression that explores the relationship between man and land, environment and nature. A move was even more daring than the MOCA in Los Angeles who led the environmental art within the walls of the museum, moving a Megalith of 370 tons.